Comenius University in Bratislava, Slovak Republic
The presentation is aimed at discussion about main values of information infrastructures which support scholarly communication with respect to digital environment and development of new models of digital sciences. We ask the main questions: Which values are typical for changes in information behavior of researchers in digital environment? Which services of academic libraries are relevant in open science? In search of responses we present selected results of three qualitative studies focused on the academic information environment in Slovakia.
Analyses of previous studies of information infrastructures (Borgman 2015, Bowker et al. 2015), information behavior (Case & Given 2016) and open science and digital science (MacKenzie & Martin 2016, Steinerová 2016) are applied. We used qualitative methods of information behavior studies of researchers, information managers and doctoral students with the use of semi-structured interviews and qualitative data and phenomenographic analyses and concept mapping (Steinerová 2018). Examples of concept maps representing values of information, perception of open science and economic models of research are mentioned. Results of studies of relevance (doctoral students), information managers and researchers in Slovakia are selected with respect to digital revolution in information work.
Results of the three qualitative studies are framed within the concept of information ecology. We present a model of the information ecology of the academic information environment, a model of academic information ecologies and an interactive model of the academic library.
Recommendations for new professions of digital librarians, data managers and information professionals as research assistants in contexts of open science and cultural heritage are summarized. We explain the concept of information ecologies, creative information ecologies, information ethics, development of information policies for innovations in digital environment. The gaps in digital information infrastructures are identified. Academic libraries should be transformed into centers of excellence for support of creative information ecologies and digital libraries and services. The social impact of information infrastructures is considered and the role of information science for development of information use, new value-added services and benefits of information in society. Values of information in society are discussed in terms of service to knowledge while we consider the dark side of digital information.
Borgman, Ch. L. (2015). Big Data, Little Data, No Data. Scholarship in the Networked World. Cambridge: MIT Press, 2015.
Bowker, G., Timmermans, S., Clarke, A. E., Balka, E. (Eds.), (2015). Boundary objects and beyond. Working with Leigh Star. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.
Byström, K., Ruthven, I., Heinström, J. (2019). Work and information: which workplace models still work in modern digital workplaces? Information Research, 22(1), CoLIS paper 1651. Retrieved from http://InformationR.net/ir/22-1/colis/colis1651.html
Case, D. O., & Given, L. (2016). Looking for information: a survey of research on information seeking, needs and behavior (4th ed.). Bingley, UK: Emerald.
MacKenzie, A., & Martin, L. (Eds.). (2016). Developing digital scholarship. Emerging practices in academic libraries. London: Facet.
Steinerová, J. (2016). Open Science and the Research Information Literacy Framework. In Kubanoglu, S. et al., eds. Information Literacy: Key to and Inclusive Society. Cham: Springer, CCIS 676, 277-385. DOI:10.1007/978-3-319-52162-6_27.
Steinerová, J. (2018). Informačné prostredie a vedecká komunikácia: informačné ekológie. Bratislava: UK 2018. 230 s.
Keywords: information infrastructure, information behaviour, open science, information ecology, values of information, academic libraries